Guide to Haematuria


Discovering blood in your urine can be a worrisome experience that might point to an underlying health issue. In this article, we'll break down the term "haematuria" and explain what it means, why it happens, and what you should be aware of. By the end, you'll have a clear grasp of this situation and its implications.

What is Haematuria?

Hematuria is when your urine contains red blood cells, giving it a pink or red hue. It's important to distinguish between two types:

  1. Gross Haematuria: This is when you can see blood in your urine with the naked eye. While it can be distressing, it's not necessarily a sign of a severe illness. However, it should be addressed promptly to determine its cause.

  2. Microscopic Haematuria: Here, blood in the urine is only visible under a microscope. Even small amounts of blood can lead to this type of hematuria. Even if the urine looks normal, a closer examination is needed, and medical evaluation is recommended to uncover the underlying cause.

Causes of Blood in the Urine

Blood in the urine can result from various factors, falling into two main categories:

1. Urinary Tract Related:

  • Urinary tract infections (UTIs), particularly concerning for women.
  • Infections in the bladder, kidneys, or urinary tract causing bleeding during urination.
  • Passage of kidney stones, causing both pain and blood in the urine.

2. Other Causes:

  • Trauma to the urinary tract due to injury or catheter use.
  • Kidney diseases like glomerulonephritis or polycystic kidney disease.
  • Blood-thinning medications, genetic disorders, and intense exercise can also trigger blood in the urine.

Types of Haematuria

Hematuria can be classified into two main types based on where it originates in the urinary system:

  1. Gross Haematuria: This type is evident to the naked eye, giving the urine a reddish hue. Though alarming, visible blood doesn't always indicate a serious condition. Still, quick investigation is crucial.

  2. Microscopic Haematuria: Blood in the urine can only be spotted under a microscope here. Even tiny amounts of blood can lead to this type. Despite the urine's normal appearance, a microscopic exam is needed for accurate diagnosis and medical evaluation.

Symptoms and When to Seek Help

Haematuria might occur without additional symptoms, but depending on the cause, you could experience discomfort during urination, frequent urination, or abdominal pain. Ignoring these signs isn't advisable, especially if they persist or worsen over time.


Understanding haematuria involves recognizing blood in the urine, understanding its causes, and differentiating its types. While some cases are benign, others might indicate a more serious issue. If you or someone you know notices blood in the urine, seeking medical attention is vital. Early detection and proper treatment can provide clarity and peace of mind, ensuring the best possible outcome for your health. Remember, if uncertain, consulting a doctor is the best course of action for accurate guidance and diagnosis.

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1. NHS:


Important Notice

Icle Test Limited does not practice medicine or provide medical services or advice. The contents of this package (The IcleTest DIY Men's Health Blood in Urine Test) are not intended to be a substitute or replacement for medical advice or for a medical examination by a qualified healthcare professional. The IcleTest DIY Men's Health Blood in Urine Test is intended to be an aid to early diagnosis of Men's health issues only and is not intended to provide a diagnosis of any specific medical condition; It is intended only to detect blood in urine. A negative result should not be relied on in substitution for medical advice or for a medical examination by a qualified healthcare professional. If the test is positive please arrange to see a qualified healthcare professional